Digital Millennium Copyright Act (“DMCA”) Policy

As we ask others to respect its intellectual property rights, it respects the intellectual property rights of others. The text of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act of 1998, may be found on the U.S. Copyright Office website at

If you believe that material available through our Services infringes on your copyright(s), please notify us by providing a DMCA notice. Upon receipt of a valid and complete notice, we will remove the material and make a good faith attempt to contact the user who originated the material by email.

Please be advised that you may be liable for damages (including costs and attorneys’ fees) if you materially misrepresent that material or activity is infringing. We will seek to collect those damages.

Your DMCA notice will be forwarded to the party that made the material available, and also may be sent to third parties such as

Please follow these steps to file a notice. (1) If possible, first contact the user originating the material directly. Send a comment with your complaint to the user, to see if the matter can be resolved directly between you and the user. (2) If the issue cannot be resolved directly with the user, send your complaint to our designated agent at You must include the following:

  • A physical or electronic signature of the copyright owner or a person authorized to act on their behalf;
  • An identification of the copyrighted work claimed to have been infringed;
  • A description of the nature and exact location of the material that you claim to infringe your copyright, in sufficient detail to permit us to find and positively identify that material.
  • Your name, address, telephone number and email address;
  • A statement that you have a good faith belief that use of the material in the manner complained of is not authorized by the copyright owner, its agent, or the law; and
  • A statement that the information in the notification is accurate, and under penalty of perjury, that you are authorized to act on behalf of the owner of an exclusive right that is allegedly infringed.

As required by the DMCA, we have a policy to take any actions we deem appropriate in our sole discretion, including the removal of the challenged material or the termination of users we deem to be repeat infringers. Although we won’t share the specifics of our repeat infringer policy (we don’t want anyone to game the system, after all), we believe that it strikes the right balance of protecting the rights of copyright owners as well as protecting legitimate users from wrongful termination. Please note that notices that are successfully countered, rejected on fair use grounds, or deemed to be fraudulent are not counted against a user.